The Covid-19 pandemic is a period of coronavirus pandemic. The ongoing global pandemic of Coronavirus disease recognised first in Wuhan, China, in December 2019.
The World Health Organization confirmed the outburst of a Public Health Emergency of International Concern on 30 January 2020, and later a pandemic on 11 March 2020.
Until 7 April 2021, over 132 million cases of Covid-19 have been confirmed. In addition, as of the recent surveys, more than 2.88 million deaths due to COVID-19. This is one of the deadliest pandemics in history.
What Is Covid-19?
Everyone in the world is now well aware of Covid-19. The whole world is facing the second strain of the coronavirus. The newly discovered infected disease is spreading worldwide that causes the illness through cold, dry cough, fever, body ache, or sore throat.
This disease is dangerous as it may infect other people through the person suffering from Covid-19. Corona Virus is mainly generated through densities. Any infected person coughs, sneezes, or exhales, and if you are closely in touch with the infected person, the virus is transmitted.
However, the disease can be severe for older people (with low immunity due to age) and those undergoing medical issues. (Such as blood pressure, diabetes, thyroid, or any other).
What Precautions Should We Take To Avoid Covid-19?
WHO advises preventing this dangerous large family of the virus. That the person infected should be isolated, maintain proper hygiene, sanitation and maintain social distancing. There is no cure for this disease in the first strain.
Most of the world’s countries have invested millions of dollars in the research and development of Covid Vaccine. The expert scientists and the medical team in the world are working hard to invent the appropriate medicines and the vaccine to fight against coronavirus.
What Is Covid Vaccine?
COVAXIN, the COVID-19 vaccine, was launched in India on 16 January 2021 by Bharat Biotech. It is established in collaboration with the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) – National Institute of Virology (NIV). This vaccine is a vaccine proposed to deliver acquired immunity against acute severe respiratory syndrome—coronavirus 2 (SARS‐CoV‐2), causing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‐19).
What Is The Process For Covid Vaccine?
The Covid Vaccine is new hope for the world in the fight against coronavirus. The Covid Vaccine is intended in two dosages. The second dose should be vaccine after 28 days to 45 days.
WHO suggested the strategy, that is, the first dose taken by everyone under the government’s guidelines and after that the second dose after three weeks. A person is fully vaccinated after two weeks of taking the double dose of Covid Vaccine.
Will I Get Covid Even After Taking The Vaccination?
The Covid vaccine doesn’t take the necessary precautions such as social distancing, wearing a face mask, and proper sanitisation. However, it helps to low the risk of getting Covid-19. The vaccine is highly effective to safeguard the severe effect of Covid-19. Therefore, it helps in low risk of spreading from one to another. There is no side effect of the vaccine; most people experience fever, body ache, or arm pain. As a result, the advice is to take paracetamol to avoid any restlessness.
Why Should We Take The Covid Vaccine?
Everyone falling under the government guidelines should take the vaccine as it is safe and effective. Similarly, the vaccine drive started with vaccine health workers & the front liners on high risk first; the aim is to cover the population in the subsequent two phases. In other words, the first phase covers older people with an age of more than 60 years. The second phase for people above 45 years. The vaccine is available in all government and private Covid centres in India.
When Will The Age Group Below 45 Get The Vaccine?
Few people like pregnant and breastfeeding women, People with allergies, medical conditions, travellers, and for instance, people who already had covid-19 & children less than 16 years are not recommended for Covid Vaccine by WHO.
The Covid vaccine for the age group below 45 will be launched soon. Similarly, the rest will be covered in the next phase soon after all necessary procedures are completed.
What Is The ‘First Doses First’ Strategy?
The first dose first strategy might help prevent the Covid-19 in the first dose of the vaccine itself. In addition, it might be effective for elders too in the short term.
First Dose first strategy has a considerable risk involved in public health. In the recent case study, the first vaccine from BioNTech/Pfizer was affected with the first dose.
What Is The Cost Of The Vaccine?
The Covid vaccine is provided free of cost in India in all government vaccine centres. Covishield and Covaxin are the approved Covid vaccines in India.
Different companies are making Covid vaccine available in the market; therefore, those companies might get approved at a later stage. The approx.
The Cost Of The Covid Vaccine In India Is As Follows:
- Covishield: Rs 200 per dose (for first 100 million doses), Rs 1,000 per dose after that at private outlets
- Covaxin: Rs 206 per dose
- Pfizer-BioNTech: Rs 1,431 per dose
- Moderna: Rs 2,348 to Rs 2,715 per dose
- Sinopharm: less than Rs 5,650 per dose
- Sinovac Biotech: Rs 1,027 per dose
- Novavax: Rs 1,114 per dose
- Gamaleya Centre: less than Rs 734 per dose
- Johnson and Johnson: Rs 734 per dose
How Many People Have Got Vaccines In India?
In India, around 80 million of the population got vaccinated till now. The Health Workers, Front liners and people more than 45 years of age are being covered.
In addition, more than 60 million people have received the first dose of the vaccine. Over 10 million people have got both doses of vaccine for the fight against the Corona Virus.
Which Age Is been Affected More In The Second Wave?
The Covid-19 virus affects almost every age of people, primarily attacks older ones, people with low immunity, or medications. People who are more than 40 years old are at higher risks. In other words, it is mandated to follow the guidelines to protect themselves and the dear ones.
The rapid increase of Covid-19 “first wave” cases in early 2020 followed in late 2020 and starting in 2021. Moreover, now the Covid-19 cases are increasing more rapidly and more dangerous than the first wave.
Secondly, the social gathering, re-opening of schools, colleges, institutions, and offices are the significant reason for this second wave of Covid-19.
Above all, the second wave is spreading with a much more substantial influence than last year. As per the Health Ministry’s recent report, April month will be critical for controlling this second wave flow.
Which State is been Affected More in The Second Wave?
The union health ministry has reported 40,000 new cases of Corona Virus in India. India’s most affected state is Maharashtra, where the second wave is 60% of new patients.
For instance, other most infected states are Punjab, Karnataka, Gujarat, and Tamil Nadu state. The second wave of the corona Virus is moving faster and more dangerous.
What Is The Guideline We Must Follow Given By The Government In The Second Wave?
The strict guidelines from the government are released for the precautions to avoid from Covid-19 in the “second wave” are as follows:
- Wash hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds frequently. Only use alcohol-based hand sanitiser. (should have the least 60% alcohol if cleaning soap and water aren’t available)
- Most importantly, avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.
- Sick people who are suffering from fever, cough or cold should not get near to anyone.
- Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue, then throw the tissue inside the trash.
- Clean and disinfect frequently affected objects and surfaces.
- Maintain at least a 1-meter distance from other people, mainly those who are coughing, sneezing, and have a fever.
- Wear a cloth mask covering the mouth and nose in public settings, where other social distancing measures are hard to sustain.
- Stay home if you feel unwell.
- Moreover, self-isolation required in case of any symptoms.
- If anyone has a fever, cough and difficulty in breathing, they should pursue medical attention.
The Covid-19 Pandemic Has Changed Our Lives Forever In Many Ways
The Covid-19 pandemic created a massive impact on the world’s economy in every way.
In addition, the whole world’s activities were stopped due to lockdown was imminent. There was a jam on international businesses, travelling and the education system too. Many people have lost their jobs, people on daily wages faced starvation.
People who were away from their home and family members faced loneliness and depressive time. After that, the challenge is to cure physical health as well the mental health also.
As a result, the whole world is suffering. However, more than 166k people in India died because of Covid-19. However, the safety of own heath, following the government’s guidelines and vaccination, is an obligation for everyone.
In conclusion, immunity boosters can help prevent Covid-19. Everyone has a responsibility for their health. This Covid-19 pandemic has been an unexpected disaster for the entire world.