UTI is very common in women than in men. And recurrence of this infection is as common as the infection itself. If you are one of those unlucky women who experience recurring UTI, this article is for you!
UTI means urinary tract infection. This occurs due to bacteria present in urine that passes to the urinary tract towards the kidney. These infections are most common in females.
The common reasons behind this health problem are:
- The short urethra in females (more chances of ascending infection)
- Frequent intercourse during active sexual life
- Low immunity after menopause
- Physical changes in the urinary bladder in elderly women
- Menstruation (infections due to poor hygiene)
The recurrent infection means, this infection does not recover completely and occurs again and again. If you are noticing this situation in yourself, contact the best urologist in Lahore through Marham.
The urinary tract consists of the following organs,
- Pair of kidneys that filter your blood to produce urine
- two ureters (tubes), that take urine to your bladder from your kidneys
- a bladder for storage of urine
- a urethra that empties urine from your bladder to outside your body
Cause of Recurrent UTI in Females:
UTI occurs due to E.coli present in your gut. In females, these bacteria enter the vagina and urethra from the anus, causing UTI. This infection recurs in females and the reason depends on their age. Before menopause, the UTI recurrence is due to intercourse and poor hygiene during menopause. And menopause, certain physical changes help set the stage for UTIs. The numbers of Lactobacilli in the vagina naturally decline. The bladder also contracts less strongly than it once did, making it more difficult to empty it completely.
In both premenopausal and postmenopausal women, genes play a role as well. Having a mother or sister who has frequent UTIs is also a risk factor.
Cystitis is a bladder infection. When the infection travels from the bladder to the kidneys, it’s called pyelonephritis.
How to Prevent Recurrent UTI in Females?
By keeping in mind, the following tips, you can prevent UTI;
- maintaining hygiene during menstruation
- emptying the bladder after intercourse
- drink plenty of water
- do not hold urine
- use cranberry products as a prophylactic treatment
- wear cotton underwear
- avoid tight-fitting pants/trousers
- avoid using diaphragms and spermicides for birth control
The symptoms of a chronic UTI affecting your bladder include:
- frequent urination
- blood in urine
- a burning sensation while urinating
- pain in the lower back or below your ribs
- pain in your pelvic region
- fever and vomiting
Treatment of recurrent UTI:
Following treatment is recommended by health specialists in this case;
- broad-spectrum antibiotics until the exact detection of the causative agent
- cranberry products
- vaginal estrogen therapies to avoid recurrence in the woman after menopause
Complications due to recurrent UTI:
If left untreated, UTI may lead to;
- kidney infections, kidney disease, and other permanent kidney damage, especially in young children
- sepsis, which is a life-threatening complication due to infection
- septicemia, which is a condition in which bacteria have entered the bloodstream
- increased risk of premature delivery or of having babies with low birth weight
You can consult the best urologists for further details regarding recurrent UTI. Because early diagnosis and treatment are always better.
You can also consult your medical health provider online through Marham, by visiting the official website or downloading the Marham mobile app.