Indian Wedding Rituals

6 Traditional Indian Wedding Customs

Full of color, joy, and beauty, an Indian Weddings ceremony’s one of the most elaborate affairs in the world. Each is unique, drawing on national, regional, and family traditions that may date back thousands of years or just a few generations. From flashy dance numbers to plentiful gift exchanges, these lively celebrations are also full of deep symbolism.

Here are explanations for six customs that will make you laugh, cry, or just say, “Aww!”

Mehendi Ceremony

Mehendi Ceremony is about applying Henna to the bride’s hand and feet (in some states it is applied to the groom as well). This beautiful event takes place usually in the evening amidst a lot of dancing and music by the family members and friends. While the bride has to sit for hours to get the Mehendi art done, many of the female guests also get the Mehendi art done on at least on one hand. This joyous celebration is often sees its complement with singing of traditional songs as well as playing of traditional music instruments like dholak.

The Sangeet Ceremony

Usually hosted by the brides’ family, Sangeet is essentially a giant party the night before the wedding. If you’ve watched YouTube videos of Indian wedding dances, you’ve probably seen parts of Sangeet. While throwing a big party may not seem very symbolic, these events happen so that the bride’s and groom’s families can get to know each other before joining together. In fact, Sangeet literally means “sung together”, and focuses on song and dance numbers performed by various family members. The party is symbolic not just of the joy of love, but also the familial bonds that are formed when a couple joins together.

The Tilak Ceremony

Tilak is also a ceremony that welcomes two different families together and is usually held at the groom’s home. The bride’s male relations assemble numerous gifts, such as fruit, clothing, and other goods and present them to the groom as a celebration that he will be joining their family. In return, the groom’s family will send gifts to his fiance’s family in thanks.

Jai Mala

An Indian bridal ceremony is truly created of many various ceremonies. Together, these rituals can last several hours and include dozens of symbolic and spiritual gestures. One of these gestures is the exchanging of garlands during Jai Mala. The bride and groom give each other garlands of flowers, much like couples in Western cultures exchange rings. The act expresses the desire of each person to join with the other.


Another ceremony that symbolizes the joining of the couple is Saptapadi. Saptapadi could be a ritual within which couples have their covering tied along. In the Southern Indian tradition, the couple walks together in this way for several steps to signify their friendship, which the Indian concept of marriage is based upon. In the Northern Hindu tradition, the couple makes seven trips around a ceremonial fire together, each trip a request for a specific blessing from the gods.

The Vidai Ceremony

In India, a wedding is a joyous time of new beginnings, but also the end to a bride’s life under her parent’s roof. Traditionally, a married woman will move into her husband’s household, but because girls represent prosperity and wealth in Indian culture, a bride’s departure from her family can be a precarious time.

To combat negativity, the Vidai ceremony is held. The day after her wedding, a bride will say goodbye to her family in the doorway of their home. She’ll throw rice and coins back into the house to signify she is paying her parents back for everything they have given her, and that she is leaving them with prosperity. The bride’s father then takes her by the hand and walks her to her husband’s car, which will carry her to her new home.

Indian wedding ceremonies may have a reputation for being glamorous affairs focused on material things like parties and gifts, but each part of the days-long tradition has a beautiful meaning behind it. Planning a marriage in Asian nation suggests that selecting that ceremonies to incorporate.

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